In November 2013, when he was adopted, the dog Fred was in such a bad state that the vet suggested that it would be best to sacrifice him.

But Maria Jose, who had adopted him, objected: she saw a dog full of energy, always ready for play and with an insatiable appetite, although one of the legs was broken and his examination for leishmaniasis was positive.

During the time he stayed at home, in recovery, Fred stayed at home, away from the streets that had welcomed him for so long. When he started to leave, the dog would become nervous, remove the collar and bark non-stop.

In January of 2015 the animal’s actions began to worry Maria José. “He was shouting as if he were killing him, each time we went out. He laced hysterically when he saw a motorcycle, bicycle, or another dog, ran desperately when he was on a leash. It was simply impossible to go out with him, “Maria Jose explained.

Then the Spaniard realized that being on the street caused anxiety to her animal and that he could not obey any order. “Dogs have memories and traumas,” he told the BBC. “It’s possible that the panic that Fred feels when he sees motorbikes is caused by the fact that he has already been run over.”

With this scenario, Maria José took the dog to the Spanish organization MiaCrok. There, canine therapist and educator Alab Fernández, who has extensive experience with abandoned animals, said that Fred’s condition was a result of all the pain he had accumulated on the street and the treatments he underwent.

“It’s like having two dogs: the Fred from home, sweet, quiet, loyal and obedient, and Fred from the outside: hysterical and aggressive with other dogs,” he says. “If you knew what signs of canine stress you should pay attention to, we would not have come to this strenuous and painful situation for both of us.”

According to behavioral biologist and animal psychologist Dennis Turner, director of the Institute of Applied Ethology and Animal Psychology, Switzerland, no significant change in animal behavior can be overlooked: loss of appetite, unusual inactivity, destructive behaviors when left alone in Attempts to escape or to hide.

For the Norwegian dog trainer Turid Rugaas and considered a great specialist in the field, a dog can be chronically stressed if he is nervous, depressed or scared; Is troubled or feels threatened very easily; Presents hysterical behavior; Does not show curiosity; Reacts with exaggeration to the touch or noises.

What should owners do?

1. Observe the animal with care and objectivity.

2. Give special attention to long-term changes and write them down.

3. Once confirmed that the problem is real and not just a whim in the pet’s mood, consult a behavioral veterinarian (line of behavioral psychology) or an animal psychologist with a degree from a professional society. ”

4. Do not punish the animal.

5. Do not be disturbed or threatening.

6.Do not attach or attach collars.

7. Do not play with twigs or balls.

8.Don’t use it to win prizes.

9. Let him be curious and allow him to explore the world with his senses.

10. Allow him to build his self-confidence to face situations.

11. Feed him well and let him get enough sleep.

12. Stay with him, limit physical restraints, and mentally stimulate him.

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