Johnson and Stein are the largest of the smallest in the race.

Gary Johnson in the left image, up the stairs, ranks third in national polls. Jill Stein, on the right of the photo, with a green scarf, is the candidate of ecologists | BRIAN SNYDER AND MARIO ANZUONI / REUTERS
Gary Johnson in the left image, up the stairs, ranks third in national polls. Jill Stein, on the right of the photo, with a green scarf, is the candidate of ecologists | BRIAN SNYDER AND MARIO ANZUONI / REUTERS

It seems unquestionable that the Oscar for best bloopers of the campaign is assigned to Donald Trump. The Politico website even has a list of “37 not killed” the aspirations of the New York magnate and would have “finished with any other politician.”

Still, one of the most talked slips does not belong to the Republican, but Gary Johnson, the candidate for the White House by the Libertarian Party. It happened on September 8, during an interview with MSNBC.

– “If you were elected, what would you do with respect to Aleppo” he asked the journalist.

– “What’s Aleppo?” Was the answer-question Gary Johnson.

– “You are kidding me”.

– “No”.

– “Aleppo is in Syria,” said the reporter Mike Barnicle.

Gary Johnson, believing the polls, is ranked third in the elections on November 8th. According to the website Real Clear Politics, this time adds 5.6% of the popular vote.

It is the second time he tries to win the White House. In 2012, he was also appointed by the Libertarian Party. Then it managed 1.2 million votes (1%) and also took the final podium place behind Barack Obama and Mitt Romney.

Businessman and former governor of New Mexico (1995-2003), in this election race Gary Johnson achieved what the past 20 years no other candidate for other parties other than the Democratic and Republican succeeded: his name will appear on the ballot in all 50 states.

The quartet of major competitors closes with another woman, Jill Stein. Like Johnson, is also the second time nominated by the Greens tries his luck in the US presidential elections.

In 2012 it was not beyond the 469,000 votes (0.36%). Degree in medicine and a descendant of Russian Jews, Stein will see his name in 45 ballot papers and is the only secondary candidate, and Johnson, appearing at polls nationwide. The average of the most recent available from the Real Clear Politics gives him 2% of the votes.

Taking into account the US electoral system, based on the system the winner-takes-all, it’s almost impossible that Jill Stein and Gary Johnson able to elect big voters, who then will decide who will be the president (the total is 538, distributed by 50 states). Among the secondary candidates, the one who cherishes this possibility is Evan McMullin.

If this former CIA agent could win Utah – a poll published on 19 gives you the lead – would be the first non-Republican candidate and no Democrat to get to win a state since 1968 George Wallace, former governor of Alabama he won five and claimed 46 major constituents.

Dissident of the Democratic party, Wallace was a South segregationist, who opposed equal rights between races. In 1963 he made a point of putting up the door of the University of Alabama to prevent two black students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, to sign up as students.

After in 1968 have achieved 13.5% of the popular vote and won the Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia in the next election race in 1972, Wallace returned to the Democratic and ran to the primary.

He was well positioned in the race when he was shot in an assassination attempt. He became paraplegic. “It’s hard to imagine what would be the US policy of the 60s, 70s and 80s without George Wallace. I think there is a single issue in the social discourse of Nixon and Reagan that he has not touched first,” said Dan Carter, professor of history at Emory University and biographer of Wallace in an interview in 1994.

The latest secondary candidate to give that talk In elections was Ralph Nader, the candidate of the Green in 2000. At the national level did not exceed the 2.74% of the vote, but he may have been responsible for the victory of George W. Bush against democrat Al Gore.

In the state of Florida the difference was only 537 votes in favor of the Republican. Nader won more than 97,000. The most likely is that without him, Al Gore had won the state and suffice it to have been elected president.

Retreating until 1912 we find another candidate by a party other than the Republican or the Democrat made history.

But Theodore Roosevelt was not an illustrious unknown, had in the curriculum the US former president stamp. In the elections of 1900 was the Republican running mate William McKinley. After the assassination of President in 1901, Roosevelt jumped from the vice presidency to the highest place in the hierarchy, with only 42 years.

The next election race in 1904, hit the polls Democrat Alton Parker and ensured continuity in the White House for another four years, ensuring, however, would not return to compete in 1908.

He fulfilled the promise. Who succeeded him was William Howard Taft, but the Republican Party eventually see themselves embroiled in an internal crisis, torn between factions more and less progressive.

This fracture led to Roosevelt, in 1912, decided to go it alone, having formed the Progressive Party. Democrats, led by Woodrow Wilson, won with 41.8% and Theodore Roosevelt had, the former president and dissident republican, was second with 27.4%. Taft found himself relegated to third choice, with only 23.2% of the popular vote.

In 1924 it was the turn of another republican splinter use the Progressive Party name as a platform for application to the White House. Robert M. La Follette won in his home state of Wisconsin, and achieved 17% of the popular vote. During the campaign he received the support of many Democrats, dissatisfied with the conservative candidate of your profile, John W. Davis. The elections were won by Republican Calvin Coolidge.

In 1992, a little like Donald Trump – and also with the surname Clinton in the race – emerged among the presidential contenders a businessman named Ross Perot. Even then taking advantage of the discontent with the two major parties and the political elite, the Texan achieved the best result of a non-Republican candidate and no Democrat since Roosevelt in 1912. He won almost 20 million votes (18.9%), but He did not win in any state, failing, therefore, the election of great voters.

The electoral contest was won by Bill Clinton with 43%. Second was George H. W. Bush, with 37.4%. Perrot again to enter the race four years later, in 1996, but this time was up by 8.4%. On the 8th of November, as major representatives of the smaller ones, the word Gary Johnson, Jill Stein and Evan McMullin.

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