Life expectancy at birth in the United States declined last year for the first time since the peak of AIDS-related deaths in 1993, according to official data released today.
Life expectancy at birth in the United States in 2015 was 78.8 years, down 0.1 compared to 2014, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.
This decline is attributed to Alzheimer’s mortality, which increased the most in the past year (15.7%), cardiovascular diseases (0.9%), chronic respiratory diseases (2.7%), kidney problems %), Accidents (6.7%), cerebral attacks (3%), diabetes (1.9%) and suicide (2.3%).
Life expectancy at age 65 has remained in 2015 and a person of this age in the US can expect to live an average of 19.4 years.
In 2015, more than 86,212 people died in the United States than in the previous year.
“This is unusual,” said lead author of the report, Jiaquan Xu, an epidemiologist.
“2015 was different from any other year,” he added in statements to the AFP news agency, explaining that there are “far more deaths” than in more recent years.
Life expectancy at birth has not declined in the United States since 1993, when AIDS peaked in the country and, associated with an influenza epidemic, resulted in an increase in deaths from pneumonia and influenza.
Worldwide, life expectancy at birth increased five years between 2000 and 2015, according to the World Health Organization.
Japanese women have the longest life expectancy at birth (86.8 years).
Sierra Leone has the lowest life expectancy in the world: 50.8 years for women and 49.3 for men.