The interior of the car is considered by the Iranian authorities to be a public space and for this reason women are forced to use the hijab while driving.
The Iranian authorities consider that the interior of the car is a public space and, for that reason, women are obliged to wear the hijab while driving.
However, a growing number of women in Iran are refusing to wear the suit while driving, which has led to some national discussion: after all, is the car a public space or a private space?
Since the 1979 revolution, the use of hijab is mandatory in Islamic countries, but the limits of this imposition have been challenged. Many observers in Teheran say that many women, while driving, take off the headscarf over their shoulders.
The clashes between women and police increase with the arrival of summer and the high temperatures. But even if police stop the vehicles and fine the conductors, acts of resistance to the use of hijab in cars continue.
Hassan Rohani, the moderate president of Iran, argues that the private space of people should be respected and opposed to women who do not use hijab properly. In 2015, Rohani said that “the police can not do something and say ‘I am doing this because God told me’, this is not the work of the authorities.”
Many people in Iran believe that the concept of ‘private space’ includes the interior of automobiles, but authorities do not share that view.
The invisible part of a car, like its ‘trunk’ is a private space. But that does not apply to other visible parts of the car, “said Hadi Sadeghi, Iran’s deputy leader, quoted by The Guardian.
These comments provoked a general reaction. One user posted a satirical picture showing a couple hugging each other at the door of a car. To what another user replied, on tweet: “The police said that only the tailgate is a private space … Poor of those who have a hatchback, we do not have any private space.”
The media did not directly comment on the mandatory use of the hijab, but the debate over what is or is not a private space allowed newspapers and news agencies to publish articles reflecting views on both sides of the hijab. discussion.
Hossein Ahmadiniaz, a lawyer, told the Irna agency, which had written an article on this discussion, that infringing on individuals ‘private spaces was like infringing on citizens’ rights. He also argued that it was for Parliament alone to define what was a private space, not the police.
The law says that the interior space of cars is private. The Charter of Citizens’ Rights also considers that the car is a private space and it is up to the authorities to respect this, “said the lawyer.
The debate is not just circulating among liberal Iranians.
Abolfazl Najafi Tehrani, a Tehran-based cleric, said: “People’s cars, like their homes, are private property and space, and interfering with them will disrupt the moral security of individuals and undermine women’s confidence in politics.”
The social discussion comes at a time when there is growing separation between the government and judicial authorities, who operate independently of Rohani’s government.
Women are more active within Iranian society, despite the restrictions they are subject to.
Last Sunday, the Iran Air airline named for the first time a female CEO. Also Ali Karimi, a veteran Iranian footballer, asked the authorities to allow the women to go to the stadiums with the men.