When we think of a desert, the last thought that comes in is that this place has the potential to be fertile. This was true until now, with the latest technology to be used to create a forest in the desert in Egypt.
And there is one more detail: all this is done by using the sewers.
The creation of Serapium forest in the region of Ismailia, had the early 90’s as part of a research project carried out by Egyptian and German scientists to revitalize 36 points in the wilderness.
When the project began, the big problem and challenge were how to bring water to the region. The found innovative solution is based on the use of sewers.
Because water drinking highly scarce resource in the desert, it was necessary to find alternatives that would help put the project into practice.
Thus, the treatment system was installed in a drainage basin for sewage effluent two hours Cairo. The process of “cleaning” is in two distinct phases of treatment.
In the first step, the waste solids are removed to be introduced in a second stage microbes and oxygen, these components which will destroy the organic materials.
It is thus created a liquid with a high concentration of phosphate and nitrogen compounds, which runs through the system to reach the trees and acts as a natural fertilizer of high efficacy.
The supply is done twice a day and each tree receives, on average five liters of water.
This innovative process explains the much faster growth of trees at this site, which can reach four times higher levels.
Due to the high concentration of chemicals, this method can not be used for irrigation of edible plants and foodstuffs.
For this to happen, there had to be the third phase of sewage treatment, extremely expensive and not viable economically.
Even can not be used for this purpose, this innovative system already has a huge impact on the development of a wooded area in this region.