The European Parliament has given definitive “green light” to the first agreement on political dialogue and cooperation between the European Union and Cuba.
The European Parliament has given a definitive “green light” to the first agreement on political dialogue and cooperation between the European Union and Cuba, but it has also made it subject to respect for human rights on the island.
The agreement was adopted by a large majority, with 567 votes in favor, 65 against and 31 abstentions, during the plenary session in Strasbourg, and could thus finally enter into force, although some of its provisions are provisionally applied, Ratification by the parliaments of the Member States.
MEPs voted in parallel to a resolution calling for respect for human rights on the island, and the agreement with Cuba contains a clause allowing for the suspension of the agreement in case of violation of the provisions in this matter, the question posed by the EU and Cuba Of “backs” for decades.
In the resolution adopted in plenary, MEPs do not expressly call for lifting the US embargo on Cuba, but express their “opposition to laws and measures with extraterritorial effect, since they harm the Cuban population.”
The EU-Cuba political dialogue and cooperation agreement, which began to be negotiated in 2014, was signed on 12 December 2016, at the same time as the Council (Member States) has derogated from the EU “common position” since 1996 prevented a normal relationship due to the human rights issue on the island.
The agreement is based on three chapters on political dialogue, cooperation and sectoral political dialogue, including a section on trade and trade cooperation.
The chapter on political dialogue provides for the parties to establish a dialogue on issues such as human rights, small arms and disarmament, migration, drugs, counter-terrorism and sustainable development.
The chapter on cooperation and sectoral policy dialogue includes areas such as human rights, governance, justice, civil society, economic and social development, environment and regional cooperation, specifying in each case a detailed list of Areas of cooperation.
Finally, the section on trade and trade cooperation deals with the general principles of international trade and covers customs cooperation, trade facilitation, technical rules and standards, sustainable trade and investment.
Cuba was the only Latin American country without such an agreement with the EU.